Population and Social Profile

Population Size, Growth Rate and Population Density

Based from the 2020 Census of Population (CPH), Pangasinan registered a total population of 3,163,190 and ranks sixth (6th) in the country. Compared to 2015 Census, Pangasinan ranked fourth (4th) nationwide and it was surpassed by provinces of Rizal and Cebu (2020 Census). Among the four (4) cities and forty-four (44) municipalities of Pangasinan, San Carlos City had the largest population with 205,424 persons. This is followed by cities of Dagupan (174,302), Urdaneta (144,577), and the municipalities of Malasiqui (143,094) and Bayambang (129,011). These two municipalities exceeded the hundred thousand mark in population count higher than the population of Alaminos City (99,397). On the other hand, the municipality of Sto. Tomas with a population of 14,878, is the least populated area. In terms of growth rate (2015-2020), the province has 1.43% which is lower than the municipality of Labrador with 3.09. Among municipalities and cities, Labrador recorded the highest growth rate.


The projected population of the province for the year 2022 is estimated at 3,238,859 populace which was computed using 2020 Census as the base year. This projection was computed using the Geometric Method.

Population Density

The total household population (Census 2020) for both male and female is 3,159,228 wherein 1,604,115 are male and 1,555,113 are female which both gender represent 50% of the total household population.

Among age groups, ages 10-14 bracket has the highest population with 318,118 while ages 75-79 is the lowest with 35,345.

In terms of sex distribution, there were more males than females in the province with a sex ratio of 103. These means that there were 103 males for every 100 female.

Household Population by Sex Distribution

The province’s household population is 3,159,228 (2020 CPH) and the total number of households is 776,202 with an average household size of 4.1

Based on the average annual growth rate of 2.71% (2015-2020), the projected number of households in CY 2022 is 819,220, which shows an increase of 2.73% from the previous data 740,661.

Based on the 2020 Census, the province has 1,037,721 urban population, which shows an increase of 43.70% (315,521) from the 721,944 urban population in 2015 census.


In 2022, there were 56 public and private hospitals with a total bed capacity of 2,422. Out of this number, 1,143 beds are from government and 1,279 from private hospitals.

Government Hospitals

As per DOH data, there were 79 birthing homes established in the province, of which 48 are government and 31 are private. These healthcare facilities were lodged in private hospitals and Rural Health Units. From these birthing homes, Alaminos City Birthing Facility has the most number of beds.

In addition, the province had 80 City/Rural Health Units (RHUs) and 696 Barangay Health Stations (BHS) complementing health services delivery in the province.

From the different health services catered by different government hospitals, there were 90 doctors, 593 nurses, 62 dentists, 583 midwives, 19 nutritionist/dieticians and 75 medical technologists providing health care and medical treatment to various patients. This year all health personnel have increased in number.

Respiratory Tract Infection (all types) was the most prevalent case of morbidity in the province registering 57,207 (CY 2022) cases which declined by 23.67% or 70,750 cases compared to year 2021 data. On the other hand, Heart Diseases continue to be the leading cause of mortality in the province with a total deaths of 2,766. Cerebrovascular Disease and Acute Respiratory Failure followed, claiming 1,904 and 1,118 lives respectively.

The number of livebirths went down by 0.36% from 19,777 in 2021 to 19,706 in 2021 with crude birth rate of 6.61% (per 1,000 population). Meanwhile, the number of registered deaths decreased by 26.10% from 19,133 registered deaths in 2021 to 14,139 in 2022 with a crude death rate of 4.74%.

Social Welfare

The province had 1,370 child development centers providing early childhood care and development to children 3-5 years old. A total of 55,944 day care children (28,208 boys and 27,736 girls) were served by 1,518 accredited child development workers providing day care services.

There are 274,084 senior citizens in the province, excluding Dagupan City. Out of these number, 112,613 (41%) are males and 161,471 (59%) are females.


With the diminishing effect of Covid 19 pandemic, public elementary enrolment had a slight decrease from 405,745 in the previous school year (SY 2021-2022) to 388,479 this SY 2022-2023 with a minimum percentage of 4.26%. On the other hand, secondary enrolment increased by 4.71% from 240,325 to 251,649.

Pangasinan had sufficient number of public school teachers as evidenced by the teacher-pupil ratio of 1:25 for both elementary and secondary level as against the planning standard of 1:45 for SY 2022-2023. On the other hand, the classroom-student ratio is 1:27 and 1:39 for elementary and secondary respectively. With the province being free from the pandemic restrictions, face to face classes are utilized in all schools.

As per data from the different DepEd Divisions (SY 2021-2022), the province have recorded a total of 304 government and 138 private schools teaching senior high school. From these schools, a total of 53,060 students were enrolled in government institutions while students enrolled under private schools have 26,189. This means that out of the 259,510 Junior High School from public and private school last year, a total of 180,261 students did not enroll in Senior High School in the province. This may have been one of the negative effects of the pandemic in the province.

Based from the Commission on Higher Education’s (CHED) report, there are 60 tertiary schools providing various courses of higher education in the province. A total of 129,852 students were enrolled for SY 2022-2023. Showing an increase of 42.53% compared to its previous figure of 91,106.

Meanwhile, data from TESDA provincial office recorded a total of 100 technical-vocational schools with a total enrolment of 12,386 for FY 2022. On the other hand, there are 11,801 graduates coming from private and public tech-voc schools. Out of the 100 tech-voc schools in the province, there are only seven (7) public tech-voc schools.


This year’s province employment rate is 94.46%, while the unemployment rate and underemployment rate is 5.54% and 14.73% respectively. While, the labor force participation rate of Pangasinan is 65.30% which comprises the total employed and unemployed population.

Based from the DOLE – RO1, the daily minimum wage rate for agriculture and non-agriculture industries/sectors ranges from P282.00 to P372.00 as per Wage Order No. RB1-21. Effectivity date of this wage rate is on June 6, 2022 until further update by DOLE.

Poverty Incidence

As per Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) survey, poverty incidence among families in Pangasinan had increased from 9.3% in 2018 Annual Poverty Incidence to 13.9% in 2021. The annual per capita poverty threshold of the province increased from P27,828 (CY 2018) to 31,240 (CY 2021) such increase is due to the emergence of COVID19 pandemic. Such survey is conducted every after 3 years.

Protective Services

The total number of PNP Officers and Police Non-Commission Officers serving the province totaled to 3,371 personnel. From this number, 3,184 are non-officers (including the non-uniform personnel) and 187 are police officers. The officers include the positions of Police Colonel (formerly Police Senior Superintendent) to Police Lieutenant (formerly Inspectors). The PNP implemented the new rank classification (R.A. No. 11200) signed by President Duterte last March 25, 2019.